Welcome to Bamberg County, SC!
The focus of this site is to enhance citizen awareness, visitors and neighbors with valuable information about our county and the programs that the Bamberg County Government has to offer. Bamberg County strives to keep residents as well as all interested individuals up to date on news and current events occurring within the county. This web site provides a vehicle for all to learn of the latest information and schedule of events throughout the County.
Bamberg County lies in the southwestern part of South Carolina in the upper and middle Coastal Plain. It covers an area of about 252,800 acres 395 square miles. It was created as a county in January of 1897. The land is gently sloping to undulating and ranges in elevation from 100 to 270 feet above sea level. The higher areas are along the western boundary and the slope is gradual and to the southeast.
Many egg-shaped, swampy depressions called Carolina Bays extend from northeast to southwest in the central part of the county. The most well known is the Cathedral Bay formerly known as Chitty Pond near Olar, was acquired in July 1987 as a Heritage Preserve by the South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department.
The climate in Bamberg County is favorable for many activities; extremes of temperature and rainfall are rare. Summers are fairly long and fairly hot. However, the mean temperature in July is only around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Winters are mild and the mean temperature in January is 48 degrees.
Bamberg County is next to the smallest county in area in South Carolina. It is bounded by the South Fork of the Edisto River on the north. The Edisto is the longest free-flowing blackwater river in the United States. The southern boundary of the county follows the Big Salkehatchie. The Little Salkehatchie also flows through the entire county.
Among the earliest settlers after the Indians were many Germans, Swiss as well as Scotch Irish, English and Huguenots. Tribes of Indians that once roamed, hunted and lived in and around the area of Bamberg County were the Iroquoian, the Siouan, the Muskhogean, the Yuchian, the Algonkian, the Edistos, the Cusabo, the Creeks, the Saltkehatchies and the Coosas.